Importance of Travel Permits
For many juveniles under probation or parole supervision, out-of-state travel is prohibited unless special authorization for travel is granted by probation/parole authorities. Limiting the rights of under supervision to travel does not violate their constitutional rights. E.g., In re Antonio R., 93 Cal. Rptr. 2d 212, 215 (Cal. Ct. App. 2000) (holding that the ICJ accords juvenile court broad discretion to restrict travel, which does not “impermissibly burden” the juvenile’s constitutional rights). Consequently, the ICJ has put into place special rules governing travel.
Despite this common condition of probation/parole, out-of-state travel is extremely common, as juveniles may need to travel out-of-state for healthcare, education, employment, or family purposes. In many cases, juveniles are adjudicated in states other than where they or their legal guardian reside or their or custodial agency is located. Therefore, the ICJ and its rules provide mechanisms for issuance of travel permits to ensure that juveniles can travel to other states when needed, help keep track of supervised juveniles, and promote public safety. Travel permits are frequently required for supervised youth traveling to another state, regardless of whether supervision has been transferred pursuant to the ICJ.